2015 nuclear deal was signed by the Iranian authorities and representatives of the states of the so-called 5 + 1 group (Great Britain, China, Russia, USA, France and Germany). Will the Biden administration succeed in reaching an agreement with Tehran
In Vienna on November 29, another round of talks between Iran and international mediators started. The Trump administration, as promised during the election campaign by the then new leader, withdrew from the agreement two years later, making it clear that it would only increase the sanctions pressure on Tehran. For Tehran, as has been repeatedly and openly said , the fundamental question is to return to the terms of the JCPOA in one way or another by all of its participants. The situation got out of control with the coming to power in the United States in 2016 of President Donald Trump, known for much tougher rhetoric in the Iranian direction than his predecessor Barack & nbsp; Obama. The head of European Union diplomacy, Josep Borrell, in turn, spoke more optimistically, allowing a return to the first, agreed version of the treaty. Источник www.mk.ru This, in particular, is the opinion of an expert from Islamabad, Tom Hussein, whose article on the eve of the Vienna summit was published by the Hong Kong authoritative newspaper South China Morning Post (SCMP). The plan implied Iran's limitation of its nuclear program & mdash; except for reliably peaceful intentions, & mdash; and the international community has pledged to phase out the sanctions in response. An unenviable fate befell the agreement, and the JCPOA participants are trying to come to a compromise for the seventh time. Finally, the Israeli factor cannot be written off. Of course, if the contradictions between the participants in the process do not become even more violent. At the center of the discussion is the Joint Comprehensive Action Plan (the so-called “nuclear deal”). However, from the point of view of the Iranians, the situation has gone too far, and Tehran has declared its full right to return to building up production capacities & mdash; which he began to do. The Prime Minister of this country, Naftali Bennett, has already warned: if there is a return to the JCPOA, that is, Iran again declares a decrease in the rate of uranium enrichment, etc., the nuclear facilities of the Islamic Republic will still remain potential targets for the Israeli armed forces. According to the analyst, the Americans came to the meeting with one single goal: to rein in the Iranian leadership and hint at the possibility of expanding sanctions in the event of a threat to the White House's regional partners. In general, the balance of power is so far that it would be naive to expect a momentary and, preferably, a compromise solution from Vienna. Many associated this with the active pro-Israel lobby in the United States, whose position the same Obama was cautious about, for which he earned in Israel the reputation of the worst American president for the Jewish state. By the meeting in the Austrian capital, the situation has not fundamentally changed, even despite the seemingly more accommodating than his predecessor Trump, American President Joseph & nbsp; Biden. The experience of previous meetings and their consequences, however, clearly demonstrates that even now one cannot count on breakthroughs. According to diplomats, the seventh round of talks on the Iranian nuclear issue is likely to last longer than the previous ones. The rest of the participants in the process have repeatedly stated that the actions of one country cannot disavow such documents (in fairness, for example, under Trump, the United States left the Paris Climate Agreement, but this did not cease to exist). Perhaps the most optimal outcome of the negotiations will be at least framework-formed questions for the next meeting. Although the process stalled, some kind of dialogue continued not only at top-level meetings, but also at informal consultations (the last such, by the way, took place on November 27), and many experts noted that Tehran seems to be seriously ready for compromises. President of Iran Ibrahim Raisi. In light of the confrontation between China and the United States & nbsp; the Chinese will certainly support Iran, but this & nbsp; can only further exacerbate the already not cloudless relations between Beijing and Washington.