HRC calls practices in digital environment “destructive” for human rights

The report also provides an overview of destructive trends in law enforcement practice. Among them & mdash; forced involvement of citizens in the Unified Identification and Authentication System (registration takes place through the portal “ State Services' '), tracking events in the private life of citizens by State services and state management of citizens' data. “ In recent years, the facts of compulsion to electronic form of state and municipal services, to the signing of consent to the processing of personal data in cases when such is not required for the implementation of state or municipal functions, have also become widespread, '' & mdash; are noted in the Council. The HRC also notes that the digital environment increases the risk of crime. To protect the rights and freedoms of man and citizen, it is necessary to formulate and legislate new principles for the use of personal data, according to the HRC. Among the “destructive tendencies” are tracking events in private life by State services, “voluntary-compulsory” data collection and “carpet” video surveillance

Given the rapid development of the digital environment in Russia, there is still systemic regulation of the digital environment and the rights of citizens in it, is indicated in the report of the Human Rights Council under the President “ Digital transformation and protection of citizens' rights in the digital space. The Council also proposes to prohibit the creation of social rating systems; and identification on indirect grounds, to strengthen responsibility for the unauthorized collection and illegal use of personal data. The project should be ready by August 1, 2021, but in September the head of the HRC Valery Fadeev said that the Council was still working on the document. Uncontrolled digitalization creates risks for the rights of citizens, according to the HRC. The digitalization of education also carries risks: often citizens are forced to sign consent to the processing of information, which leads to “ voluntary-compulsory '' collection of data. “ Officials lay into national programs and strategies, planning 100% forced digitalization in the field of public services, education, medicine. In addition, pupils and students are forced to register on digital platforms, which automatically presupposes consent to the processing of personal data. ''
According to HRC experts, the most pressing problems today include the large-scale collection of personal data in centralized databases, as well as the lack of norms that guarantee the voluntariness of the use of digital technologies. At the same time, the HRC notes, the existing laws on data collection will not be violated. in the Russian Federation, which restrict the “ informational sovereignty of a person '' and threaten your privacy. Then more than 40% of Russians said that they expect a worsening of life with the introduction of a social rating. In December 2020, Vladimir Putin instructed the HRC to develop a draft concept for the protection of human rights in the digital space. The HRC has previously conducted research related to the digital environment. Subscribe to VK RBC Get news faster than anyone

Источник Unregulated in Russia remains such a method of obtaining data about a person as a calculation by indirect signs, the report emphasizes: according to search queries, data on purchases, communication on social networks, large digital platforms can already now compose a personal profile, including age, gender, pregnancy , various physiological and mental illnesses. This is largely due to the lack of responsibility & mdash; in modern Russia, there are practically no cases of punishments for organizing the leakage and sale of data, indicate the HRC. The collection and storage of personal data in a gray legal area and by improper operators leads to the fact that this data has become a commodity. “ Carpet system '' video surveillance of all citizens, created ostensibly for the safety of & mdash; already 'holey like a sieve', because holes in digital systems are created not by bookmarks and 'Trojans', but by the human factor and the corruption capacity of such services ',' mdash; indicated in the report. In particular, the principles of data minimization, legality and transparency, and storage restrictions should be introduced. At the same time, the right of citizens to preserve traditional ways of interacting with the state is ignored, as well as medical, economic and technological restrictions '', & mdash; noted in the document.