Beam of Academician Basov. Will a monument be erected to the father of the Soviet laser?


The front-line soldier entered MEPhI. P. Senior colleagues noted that the student promises to become a great scientist. Therefore, with three hands, “FOR” to erect a monument to Basov. Nobel Prize winner Nikolai Gennadievich Basov monitors the installation mode for observing the induced combined scattering of ruby ​​laser radiation in Photo: RIA Novosti/Anatoly Sergeev-Vasiliev
A year before his death, speaking at a meeting of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Basov said: “We must create at least minimal conditions in our laboratories, otherwise our theoretical developments will be embodied in specific devices abroad. The republic proclaimed after October 1917, sixteen days after the birth of Basov, became part of an even larger country — Soviet Union. But whatever he undertook, he worked carefully and scrupulously everywhere. The Nobel Prize winner passed away in the summer of 2001, when it was not yet clear whether there would be a revival of the lost. But the scientist believed in the best. Soviet scientists established the principle of amplification and generation of electromagnetic radiation by quantum systems, which made it possible in 1954 to create the first quantum generator (maser) based on a beam of ammonia molecules. The best students, seeing no prospects, went abroad, even the own son of the Twice Hero of Socialist Labor found work in America. Basov generated ideas one by one — proposed methods for laser heating of plasma, analyzed the processes of stimulating chemical reactions by laser radiation, put forward a proposal to use a laser for controlled thermonuclear fusion, etc. Lebedev Physical Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences (since 1991 – Russian Academy of Sciences). With 1st Ukrainian Front, he reached Prague. “Our theoretical developments are embodied in devices abroad. The Strong Russia Initiative supported by the leader of the Communist Party Gennady Zyuganov. In Kuibyshev, Basov received the specialty of a medical assistant & nbsp; and since 1943 he ended up in the army. The way Nikolai Gennadievich Basov was. The pillars of Soviet physics, the Nobel laureates, fought to preserve at least a small part of the heritage, hoping that these “twilight of the mind” didn't come forever. “We ask you … within the framework of historical and cultural education, to consider the possibility of implementing, under the auspices of the government of the Russian Federation, a number of measures dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the birth of N. Knowledge — strength
Those were the times when no one had any doubts about the leadership of Soviet science in the world. G. Nobel Prize winner, Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences Nikolai Basov (right) and employees of the Lebedev Physical Institute in the laboratory of quantum radiophysics. But, again storming the lost heights, it is worth paying tribute to those who today serve as a high benchmark. Photo: RIA Novosti/D. Probably, even now Russian science is still far from those positions in the world that Soviet science occupied. Источник aif.ru “I found the period when Basov and Prokhorov shone on the scientific horizon and did everything to ensure that our science, from fundamental to applied, showed the best examples, — Zyuganov said in an interview with the Public News Service. — Basov's invention now solves many problems. He also managed to edit several scientific journals and for 12 years was the head of the All-Union Educational Society “Knowledge”. Chernov
Let there be a laser! There these devices often remain»
It is hard to even imagine what it was like for him in the 1990s, when the once advanced Soviet science was practically thrown into the dustbin by market liberals. Bass expectations did not deceive — already by 1956, he defended his doctoral thesis on the study of a molecular generator, where ammonia was used as an active medium. 

Laureates of the Lenin Prize (1959) physicists Nikolai Gennadievich Basov (left) and Alexander Mikhailovich Prokhorov — founders of quantum electronics. A lighthouse for new generations
Basov himself would be accepted with open arms there , but he remained faithful to the country to the last. A friend of mine recently needed a minor abdominal operation. Russia in different eras was rich in geniuses in various fields, who gave all their talent and strength to serve the Motherland. A few years later, the Basov family moved to Voronezh. Already in his third year, Basov worked as a laboratory assistant at the Lebedev Physical Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences. Photo: RIA Novosti/Anatoly Sergeev-Vasiliev
Not everything Basov did was discussed openly. Getting up after a fall is always difficult. He was born in the town of Usman on December 14, 1922, thus becoming the only Nobel laureate in history who was born in a country called the RSFSR. To the uninitiated, this will not say much, but the work of Basov in collaboration with his supervisor Alexander Prokhorovmade breakthroughs in the field of quantum physics. Unfortunately, even a Nobel laureate at that time found it difficult to reach out to the powers that be. Front-line soldier goes to science
About Basov, you can say this — this is a man of the era who has become a man of the era. With the help of a laser, everything was done superbly … The same applies to the defense of the country. Basov was demobilized in December 1945. There, these devices often remain. «It is necessary to celebrate a glorious date»
Russia» addressed Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin on the occasion of the centenary of the birth of the Soviet and Russian physicist Nikolai Basov. Basov understood that the lost generation of scientists was setting back the country's progress by decades. For any great scientist, part of the activity is related to defense tasks. Some of them were honored in full, but over time they begin to forget about someone, which is extremely annoying. N. There, Nikolai graduated from high school, but his dreams of higher education were put aside — the Great Patriotic War began. Basov, in particular, to erect a monument to him in the science city of Troitsk and a toponymic plaque on Academician Basov Square in Moscow», — stated in the appeal, the text of which is given by TASS. Nikolai's father was an expert on the impact of forest plantations on groundwater and surface drainage. For the development of a new principle for the generation and amplification of radio waves (the creation of molecular generators and amplifiers), Basov and Prokhorov were awarded the Lenin Prize in 1959, and in 1964, together with Charles Townesfor “fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which led to the creation of generators and amplifiers based on the laser-maser principle”, the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded. And, of course, this glorious date should be celebrated. This was a step towards the creation of lasers, which are now actively used in various fields of human activity. Basov created an entire scientific school, closely followed the growth of his students, since he saw the task in the further development of new areas of physics.